Home | Contact Us | Sitemap | 中文 | CAS | Director's Email
Location:Home > Papers > Recent Papers
Cretaceous Nb-enriched basalts in the western Gan-Hang belt, South China: A response to slab window opening during the Paleo-Pacific ridge subduction TEXT SIZE: A A A

The role of recycled slab-mantle interaction in the formation of mantle-derived rocks during the Paleo-Pacific subduction remains to be tested. In this study Nb-enriched basalts (NEBs) are identified in Shanggao, western part of the Gan-Hang belt, South China. These volcanic rocks have 40Ar/39Ar ages of -90 Ma. They are tholeiitic to calc-alkaline in composition and have low SiO2 (50.1-53.4 wt%), high MgO (5.86-7.10 wt%), and Nb (10.7-14.3 ppm) contents. These NEBs have high Nb/La (0.91-0.99) and Nb/U (14.8-21.0) ratios and chondritenormalized patterns with slightly enriched light rare earth elements (LREEs) ((La/Yb)N = 5.32-6.52). Their primitive mantle-normalized patterns are similar to E-MORB-like characteristics. These features indicate that these NEBs were derived from a mixed source between the asthenospheric mantle and slab-derived adakitic components in the garnet stability field. Their Sr-Nd-Pb-Hf isotopic compositions also reflect the contribution of the subducted oceanic crust including minor sediments in the source. These NEBs are spatially associated with adakitic rocks, A-type granites, and related mineral deposits in the Gan-Hang belt, clearly supporting a tectonic model in which the Cretaceous ridge subduction and slab window opening occurred during the enhanced slab rollback of the Paleo-Pacific plate. The melting of residual eclogites caused by episodic upwelling of the asthenospheric mantle can account for the formation of the NEBs in a back-arc extensional setting.

Publication name

 Lithos, Volume 456, DOI 10.1016/j.lithos.2023.107310, Article Number 107310, Published NOV 1 2023


 Chen, Qiong; Zhou, Mei-Fu; Sun, Min; Cheng, Hao; Liu, Ping-Ping

Corresponding author(s) 

 Zhou, Mei-Fu
 Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Ore Deposit Geochem, Inst Geochem, Guiyang 550081, Peoples R China

Author(s) from IGCAS   Zhou, Mei-Fu

View here for the details 

Copyright © Institute Of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences All Rights Reserved.
Address: 99 West Lincheng Road, Guanshanhu District, Guiyang, Guizhou Province 550081, P.R.China
Tel: +86-851-85895239 Fax: +86-851-85895239 Email: web_en@mail.gyig.ac.cn