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The escape mechanisms of the proto-atmosphere on terrestrial planets: "boil-off" escape, hydrodynamic escape and impact erosion TEXT SIZE: A A A

Atmospheric escape is an essential process that affects the evolution of the proto-atmosphere. The atmospheric escape of early terrestrial planets was extremely rapid compared with the current scenarios, and the main atmospheric escape modes were also quite different. During the dissipation of the nebula disk, the primordial atmosphere experienced a brief but violent "boiling" escape, in which most of the primordial atmosphere was lost. After the nebula disk dissipates, hydrodynamic escape and impact erosion are the two most important mass-loss mechanisms for the proto-atmosphere. Hydrodynamic escape is a rapid atmospheric escape process caused by strong solar radiation, while impact erosion refers to the process in which small-large or giant impacts erode the proto-atmosphere. In the early solar system, there were other escape mechanisms, such as non-thermodynamic escape and Jeans escape, but it is generally believed that these mechanisms have relatively little impact. Here we systematically introduce the above-mentioned atmospheric escape mechanisms and then make some suggestions for the existing problems and future research for atmospheric escape models.

Publication name

 Acta Geochimica, Volume 41, Issue 4, Page 592-606, Special Issue SI, DOI 10.1007/s11631-021-00515-w, Published AUG 2022, Early Access JAN 2022


 Wang, ZQ; Zhou, Y; Liu, Y

Corresponding author(s) 

 Yun Liu
 -State Key Laboratory of Ore Deposit Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang, 550081, China
 -International Center for Planetary Science, College of Earth Sciences, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu, 610059, China

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