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Changes in the microbial community during microbial microaerophilic Fe(II) oxidation at circumneutral pH enriched from paddy soil TEXT SIZE: A A A
Fe(II)-oxidizing bacteria (FeOB) are important catalysts for iron cycling in iron-rich marine, groundwater, and freshwater environments. However, few studies have reported the distribution and diversity of these bacteria in flooded paddy soils. This study investigates the microbial structure and diversity of microaerophilic Fe(II)-oxidizing bacteria (mFeOB) and their possible role in Fe(II) oxidation in iron-rich paddy soils. Using enrichment experiments that employed serial transfers, the changes in microaerophilic microbial community were examined via 16S rRNA gene high-throughput sequencing. During enrichments, the Fe(II) oxidation rate decreased as transfers increased, and the maximum rate of Fe(II) oxidation was observed in the first transfer (0.197 mM day(-1)). Results from X-ray diffraction of minerals and scanning electron microscopy of the cell-mineral aggregates revealed that cell surfaces in all transfers were partly covered with amorphous iron oxide formed by FeOB. After four transfers, the phyla ofProteobacteriahad a dominant presence that reached up to 95%. Compared with the original soil, the relative abundances ofCupriavidus,Massilia,Pseudomonas,Ralstonia,Sphingomonas, andVariovoraxincreased in FeS gradient tubes and became dominant genera after transfers.Cupriavidus,Pseudomonas, andRalstoniahave been identified as FeOB previously. Furthermore, the structure of the microbial community tended to be stable as transfers increased, indicating that other bacterial species might perform important roles in Fe(II) oxidation. These results suggest the potential involvement of mFeOB and these other microorganisms in the Fe(II)-oxidizing process of soils. It will be helpful for future studies to consider their role in related biogeochemical processes, such as transformation of organic matters and heavy metals.
 

Publication name

 ENVIRONMENTAL GEOCHEMISTRY AND HEALTH DOI: 10.1007/s10653-020-00725-w Early access iconEarly Access: SEP 2020

Author(s)

 Tong, Hui; Chen, Manjia; Lv, Yahui; Liu, Chengshuai; Zheng, Chunju; Xia, Yafei

Corresponding author(s) 

 LIU Chengshuai 
 liuchengshuai@vip.gyig.ac.cn  
 Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geochem, State Key Lab Environm Geochem, Guiyang 550081, Peoples R China.

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