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Combined Zircon, Molybdenite, and Cassiterite Geochronology and Cassiterite Geochemistry of the Kuntabin Tin-Tungsten Deposit in Myanmar TEXT SIZE: A A A
The Kuntabin Sn-W deposit, located in southern Myanmar, is characterized by abundant greisen-type and quartz vein-type cassiterite and wolframite mineralization. We have conducted multiple geochronological methods and isotope and trace element analyses to reveal the age and evolution of the Kuntabin magmatic-hydrothermal system.

Zircon U-Pb dating of the two-mica granite yielded a weighted mean Pb-206/U-238 age of 90.1 +/- 0.7 Ma. Cassiterite U-Pb dating provided a lower intercept age of 88.1 +/- 1.9 Ma in the Tera-Wasserburg U-Pb concordia diagram. Molybdenite Re-Os dating returned a weighted mean model age of 87.7 +/- 0.5 Ma and an isochron age of 88.7 +/- 2.7 Ma. These ages indicate a genetic relationship between granite and Sn-W mineralization in the Kuntabin deposit and record the earliest magmatism and Sn-W mineralization in the Sibumasu and Tengchong terranes related to subduction of the Neo-Tethys oceanic slab. Three generations of cassiterite have been identified with distinctive cathodoluminescence textures and trace element patterns, indicating the episodic input of ore-forming fluids and distinctive changes in the physical-chemical conditions of the Kuntabin magmatic-hydrothermal system. Sudden changes of fluid pressure, temperature, pH, etc., may have facilitated the deposition of Sn and W. Rhenium contents of molybdenite from the Kuntabin deposit and many other Sn-W deposits in Myanmar are characteristically low compared to porphyry Cu-Mo-(Au) deposits worldwide. In combination with zircon Hf isotope signatures, we infer that granites associated with Sn-W deposits in Myanmar were predominantly derived by melting of ancient continental crust and contain minimal mantle contribution.

Subduction of the Neo-Tethys oceanic slab from west of the West Burma terrane reached beneath the Sibumasu terrane and led to magmatism and Sn-W mineralization at similar to 90 Ma when the Kuntabin deposit was formed. The Paleoproterozoic Sibumasu crust was activated during the subduction-related magmatism to form predominantly crust derived melts. After a high degree of fractional crystallization and fluid exsolution, physical-chemical changes of the hydrothermal fluid resulted in Sn and W precipitation to form the Kuntabin Sn-W deposit.

Publication name

 ECONOMIC GEOLOGY Volume: 115 Issue: 3 Pages: 603-625 DOI: 10.5382/econgeo.4713 Published: MAY 1 2020


 Mao, Wei; Zhong, Hong; Yang, Jiehua; Tang, Yanwen; Liu, Liang; Fu, Yazhou; Zhang, Xingchun; Sein, Kyaing; Aung, Soe Myint; Li, Jie; Zhang, Le

Corresponding author(s) 

 ZHONG Hong1,2; YANG Jiehua1
 zhonghong@vip.gyig.ac.cn; yangjiehua@mail.gyig.ac.cn
 1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geochem, State Key Lab Ore Deposit Geochem, Guiyang 550081, Peoples R China.
 2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Guiyang 550081, Peoples R China.

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