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Isotope geochemistry of Zn, Pb and S in the Ediacaran strata hosted Zn-Pb deposits in Southwest China TEXT SIZE: A A A
The Sichuan-Yunnan-Guizhou (SYG) area is a world-class Zn-Pb metallogenic zone and contains over four hundred of carbonate-hosted hydrothermal Zn-Pb deposits, six of which are super large-scale deposits with significant sources of Cd, Ge, and Ag, including the Huize, Wusihe, Xiaoshifang, Maozu, Tianbaoshan and Daliangzi deposits. Although previous studies focused fully on these deposits, the ore genesis of which are still in controversial. Interestedly, four of those super large scale deposits are hosted in the Ediacaran Dengying Formation, including the Maozu, Wusihe, Tianbaoshan and Daliangzi deposits. Based upon previous studies, we investigate the extent, causes and consequences of Zn and Pb isotope signatures at hand specimen scale and ore genesis of the Daliangzi and Tianbaoshan deposits, associated with published data for the Wusihe deposit. Lead isotope ratios, coupled with published data, demonstrate that Pb in the studied deposits was predominantly derived from two components: basements and sedimentary rocks. Meanwhile, a strong positive linear correlation between delta Zn-66 and delta S-34(CDT) values was observed in hand specimen D-2084, suggesting the variations may be resulted by fluid mixing. Furthuremore, the Zn isotope and Cd/Zn dataset from the Tianbaoshan, Daliangzi and Wusihe deposits defines a logarithmic curve (R-2 = 0.82), which, to our knowledege, is firstly reported and lies between two indentified components: a low Cd/Zn end-member with high delta Zn-66 values and a high Cd/Zn end-member with low delta Zn-66 values. Based upon previous studies, we suggest that Zn and Pb in the Wusihe and Tianbaoshan deposits were predominantly derived from basements and Ediacaran sediments; in contrast, Zn and Pb in the Daliangzi deposit were predominantly derived from Ediacaran sediments and upper sedimentary rocks, but we cannot rule out metal contributions of the basements. Furthermore, we suggest that fluid mixing is more propreate to better explain Zn isotope signatures in the studied deposits.

In summary, Zn and Pb isotope ratios reflect similar ore genesis and metal sources of the Daliangzi, Tianbaoshan and Wusihe Zn-Pb deposits in the SYG area. The application to the studied deposits with the discovery of Zn, S and Pb isotope compositions for sulfides indicates the potential of Zn isotope, combined with Cd/Zn raito, as new geochemical tracers, which may be useful for distinguishing the metal sources in large hydrothermal systems as suggested previously.

Publication name

 ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS Volume: 117 Article Number: 103274 DOI: 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2019.103274 Published: FEB 2020


 Zhu, Chuanwei; Wang, Jian; Zhang, Jiawei; Chen, Xiaocui; Fan, Haifeng; Zhang, Yuxu; Yang, Tao; Wen, Hanjie

Corresponding author(s) 

 WEN Hanjie
 Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geochem, SKLODG, Guiyang 550002, Peoples R China.

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