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Composition, mineralogy and chronology of mare basalts and non-mare materials in Von Karman crater: Landing site of the Chang'E-4 mission TEXT SIZE: A A A
As the first lunar farside landed mission, China's Chang'E-4 (CE-4) has safely landed on the volcanically resurfaced floor of Von Karman crater in South Pole-Aitken (SPA) basin. The CE-4 mission will conduct rover exploration by Yutu-2 similar to what Chang'E-3 did in the northern Imbrium basin. Here we present a comprehensive study of the composition, mineralogy, and chronology of the basaltic and nonmare units in this crater, with the intent to provide context for the compositional properties of the landing site. Compositional maps (FeO, TiO2, Mg#, and Th) demonstrate the heterogeneous distribution of mare and nonmare materials. Using a spectral survey of 1899 small impact craters (<1 km in diameter), we present a mineral map of high-Ca to low-Ca pyroxene ratio that is useful to untangle the effects of spectral mixing of these materials. Mare basalts with low-Ti composition and model ages of similar to 3.7 Ga and similar to 3.6 Ga have distinct mineral compositions that differ from the Chang'E-3 landing site, including no olivine enrichment. The non-mare materials have Mg-rich pyroxene, and Finsen crater materials (and Finsen ejecta) have higher Ca/Fe ratios than other parts of the rim of Von Karman crater, indicating compositional anomaly of the SPA basin. The Von Karman mare basalts show obvious compositional heterogeneity and complicated mixing effects with non-mare ejecta from subsequent impacts (e.g., the Eratoshenian-aged Finsen impact). We also present a geological map of the landing site, which reveals the geologic history of the landing region and will help to guide the surface exploration route of the CE-4's Yutu-2 rover. We also put forward some science questions to be answered by Yutu-2, to aid mission planning and scientific research.

Publication name

 PLANETARY AND SPACE SCIENCE Volume: 179 Article Number: 104741 DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2019.104741 Published: DEC 2019


 Ling, Zongcheng; Qiao, Le;  Liu, Changqing; Cao, Haijun; Bi, Xiangyu; Lu, Xuejin; Zhang, Jiang; Fu, Xiaohui; Li, Bo; Liu, Jianzhong

Corresponding author(s) 

 LING Zongcheng; QIAO Le 
 zcling@sdu.edu.cn; leqiao.geo@gmail.com
 Shandong Univ, Inst Space Sci, Shandong Prov Key Lab Opt Astron & Solar Terr Env, Weihai 264209, Peoples R China.

Author(s) from IGCAS   LIU Jianzhong

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