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Significant Seasonal Variations in Isotopic Composition of Atmospheric Total Gaseous Mercury at Forest Sites in China Caused by Vegetation and Mercury Sources TEXT SIZE: A A A
In this study, isotopic compositions of atmospheric total gaseous mercury (TGM) were measured in the Mt. Changbai (MCB) temperate deciduous forest and the Mt. Ailao (MAL) subtropical evergreen forest over a 1-year period. Higher delta Hg-202(TGM) values were observed under the forest canopy than above the forest canopy in the MCB forest. The vertical gradients in delta Hg-202(TGM) and Delta Hg-199(TGM) are positively correlated with the satellite-based normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI, representing the vegetation photosynthetic activity), suggesting that a strong vegetation activity (high NDVI) induces both mass-dependent and mass-independent fractionation of TGM isotopes. The observed delta Hg-202(TGM) and Delta Hg-199(TGM) showed seasonal variations. Mean delta Hg-202(TGM) and Delta Hg-199(TGM) in summer were 0.35-0.99 parts per thousand and 0.06-0.09 parts per thousand higher than those in other seasons in the MCB forest. In contrast, the highest seasonal delta Hg-202(TGM) in the MAL forest was observed in winter at 0.07-0.40%o higher than the values found in other seasons. The variability of delta Hg-202(TGM) and Delta Hg-199(TGM) in MCB was attributed to vegetation activities, whereas the seasonal delta Hg-202(TGM) in the MAL forest was driven by the exposure of air masses to anthropogenic emissions. Using the data in this study and in the literature, we concluded that vegetation activity and anthropogenic Hg release are the main drivers for the spatial variations in TGM isotopic compositions in the northern hemisphere.
 

Publication name

 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Volume: 53 Issue: 23 Pages: 13748-13756 DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.9b05016 Published: DEC 3 2019

Author(s)

 Fu, Xuewu; Zhang, Hui; Liu, Chen; Zhang, Hui; Lin, Che-Jen; Feng, Xinbin

Corresponding author(s) 

 FU Xuewu1,2; FENG Xinbin1,2,3 
 fuxuewu@mail.gyig.ac.cn; fengxinbin@vip.skleg.cn
 1. Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geochem, State Key Lab Environm Geochem, Guiyang 550081, Guizhou, Peoples R China.
 2. CAS Ctr Excellence Quaternary Sci & Global Change, Xian 710061, Shaanxi, Peoples R China. 
 3. Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.

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