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Spatiotemporal distribution and national measurement of the global carbonate carbon sink TEXT SIZE: A A A

Themagnitudes, spatial distributions and contributions to global carbon budget of the global carbonate carbon sink (CCS) still remain uncertain, allowing the problem of national measurement of CCS remain unresolved which will directly influence the fairness of global carbon markets and emission trading. Here, based on high spatiotemporal resolution ecological, meteorological raster data and chemical field monitoring data, combining highly reliable machine learning algorithm with the thermodynamic dissolution equilibrium model, we estimated the new CCS of 0.89 +/- 0.23 petagrams of carbon per year (Pg C yr(-1)), amounting to 74.50% of global net forest sink and accounting for 28.75% of terrestrial sinks or 46.81% of the missing sink. Our measurement for 142 nations of CCS showed that Russia, Canada, China and the USA contribute over half of the global CCS. We also presented the first global fluxes maps of the CCS with spatial resolution of 0.05 degrees, exhibiting two peaks in equatorial regions (10 degrees S to 10 degrees N) and low latitudes (10 degrees N to 35 degrees N) in Northern Hemisphere. By contrast, there are no peaks in Southern Hemisphere. The greatest average carbon sink flux (CCSF), i.e., 2.12 tC ha(-1) yr(-1), for 2000 to 2014 was contributed by tropical rainforest climate near the equator, and the smallest average CCSF was presented in tropical arid zones, showing amagnitude of 0.26 tC ha(-1) yr(-1). This research estimated the magnitudes, spatial distributions, variations and contributions to the global carbon budget of the CCS in a higher spatiotemporal representativeness and expandability way, which, via multiple mechanisms, introduced an important sink in the terrestrial carbon sink system and the global missing sink and that can help us further reveal and support our understanding of global rock weathering carbon sequestration, terrestrial carbon sink system and global carbon cycle dynamicswhich make our understanding of global change more comprehensive. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Publication name

 SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 643 157-170; 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.06.196 DEC 1 2018

Author(s)

 Li, Huiwen; Wang, Shijie; Bai, Xiaoyong; Luo, Weijun; Tang, Hong; Cao, Yue; Wu, Luhua; Chen, Fei; Li, Qin; Zeng, Cheng; Wang, Mingming

Corresponding author(s) 

 BAI Xiaoyong 
 baixiaoyong@vip.skleg.cn  
 Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geochem, State Key Lab Environm Geochem, 99 Lincheng West Rd, Guiyang 550081, Guizhou, Peoples R China.
 Chinese Acad Sci, Puding Karst Ecosyst Observat & Res Stn, Puding 562100, Peoples R China.

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