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An improved method of Cr purification for high precision measurement of Cr isotopes by double spike MC-ICP-MS TEXT SIZE: A A A

Chromium (Cr) isotopes have been used to trace pollution processes and reconstruct paleo-redox conditions. However, the precise determination of Cr isotopes is still challenged by difficulties in purifying Cr from samples with low Cr and high matrix content. Here, we developed an improved, flexible and easily operated three-step chromatographic procedure to separate Cr from high-matrix samples. A continuous, two-stage column (Step I) filled with 2 mL cation resin AG50W-X8 (200-400 m) and 2 mL anion resin AG1-X8 resin (100-200 m), followed by Step II, with 1 mL of AG1-X8 resin (200-400 m), was used to remove at least 99% of Ca, Fe, and Ti, and >90% of V and most other matrix elements, even for samples with Fe/Cr approximate to 6000 and Ti/Cr approximate to 1000. The recovery of Cr in both Step I and Step II can reach nearly 100%. Step III utilizes 2 mL AG1-X8 (100-200 m) combined with an (NH4)(2)S2O8 oxidant to remove residual matrix elements and achieve high-purity Cr. The total yield of Cr through our three-step procedure is greater than 80% even for low-Cr (2.6 g kg(-1)) samples. A relatively small sample amount (300-600 ng Cr) is enough to achieve high p mu recision Cr isotope measurement due to a low procedural blank (<1 ng). Chromium isotopes in geological reference materials (BHVO-2, JDo-1, JP-1, etc.) were measured on a Neptune Plus MC-ICP-MS. The long-term external precision is 0.06 parts per thousand (2SD), and the delta Cr-53 values are in great agreement with previously reported values. The delta Cr-53 of the upper continental crust is estimated to be -0.10 +/- 0.10 parts per thousand using a suite of granite, diamictite, sediment and loess samples. Both plants and human hair are similar to 0.1 parts per thousand heavier than the upper continental crust. Tests show that our improved purification procedure is applicable to various geological and environmental samples.

Publication name

 JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL ATOMIC SPECTROMETRY, 33 (5):809-821; 10.1039/c8ja00033f MAY 2018

Author(s)

 Zhu, Jian-Ming; Wu, Guangliang; Wang, Xiangli; Han, Guilin; Zhang, Lixin

Corresponding author(s) 

 ZHU Jianming 
 jmzhu@cugb.edu.cn
 - China Univ Geosci Beijing, State Key Lab Geol Proc & Mineral Resources, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
 - Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geochem, State Key Lab Environm Geochem, Guiyang 550081, Guizhou, Peoples R China 

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