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Mineralogy, geochemistry and fluid inclusions of the Qinglong Sb-(Au) deposit, Youjiang basin (Guizhou, SW China) TEXT SIZE: A A A
The Qinglong deposit is a newly-characterized, large Sb-(Au) deposit in the Youjiang basin (Guizhou, SW China). Four mineralization stages are identified (i.e., pre-ore, early-ore, late-ore and post-ore) in this study based on crosscutting relationships. Our study shows that the Qinglong Sb mineralization (early-ore stage) was dominated by quartz-stibnite +/- fluorite, whilst the Sb-Au mineralization (late-ore stage) comprises quartz-stibnite pyrite. Electron Probe Microanalysis (EPMA) indicates that the Au is present as Au1+ in the arsenian pyrite. Besides, our new fluid inclusion data from fluorite, stibnite and quartz show that the Sb-Au-rich hydrothermal fluids were derived from the mixing fluids consisting of H2O, NaCl, hydrocarbon and minor CO2. In the early-ore stage, the ore-forming fluids are characterized by medium to low temperatures (161-294 degrees C, mean: 220 degrees C), medium to low salinities (0.35-13.18 wt% NaCl equiv.), low pH, and the presence of hydrocarbons and CO2. In comparison, the late-ore stage ore-forming fluids are featured by low temperatures (113-255 degrees C, mean: 175 degrees C), low salinities (0.18-6.30 wt% NaCl equiv.) and nearly neutral pH. The delta S-34(Sigma s) values (-2.8 to 2.3 parts per thousand) of the ore forming fluids suggest that the sulfur at Qinglong was dominantly magmatic-derived. From the early-ore to late ore stage, the ore-forming fluid temperature and oxygen fugacity (fO(2)) decrease but the pH increases (from acidic to neutral). Such physicochemical transition may have significantly decreased the Sb solubility from 10 s to 100 s of ppm to 0.001 ppm. Therefore, we propose that fluid mixing was the main process that substantially reduced the fluid temperature and oxygen fugacity, which effectively lowered the Sb solubility and led to abundant stibnite precipitation. The stibnite precipitation had likely decreased the H2S concentrations of the ore forming fluids, thereby destabilizing the AuHS0 complexes in the fluids and caused local Au precipitation.
 

Publication name

 ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS, 92 1-18; 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2017.11.009 JAN 2018

Author(s)

 Chen, Jun; Yang, Rui-Dong; Du, Li-Juan; Zheng, Lu-Lin; Gao, Jun-Bo; Lai, Chun-Kit; Wei, Huai-Rui; Yuan, Ming-Gang

Corresponding author(s) 

 YANG Ruidong 
 rdyang@gzu.edu.cn  
 Guizhou Univ, Coll Resources & Environm Engn, Guiyang 550025, Guizhou, Peoples R China. 

Author(s) from IGCAS   DU Li-Juan

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