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He, Ar, and S isotopic constraints on the relationship between A-type granites and tin mineralization: A case study of tin deposits in the Tengchong-Lianghe tin belt, southwest China TEXT SIZE: A A A
The Tengchong-Lianghe tin belt in western Yunnan Province, southwest China, is the most important tin mineralization belt in the Sanjiang Tethyan Metallogenic Domain (STMD). There are two large tin deposits in this belt: the Paleogene Lailishan and the Late Cretaceous Xiaolonghe deposits. The two deposits are spatially and temporally associated with the Lailishan and Xiaolonghe granitic plutons, respectively. Recent studies suggest that the Lailishan and Xiaolonghe granitic plutons exhibit most of the mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of A-type granites. In this study, we discuss the He, Ar, and S isotopes of pyrite samples from the two large tin deposits to trace ore-forming fluids and elements. We also review the relationship between A-type granites and tin deposits from a new perspective. The delta S-34(CDT) values of the Lailishan tin deposit range from +4.9 parts per thousand to + 6.7 parts per thousand, with an average value of +5.53 parts per thousand. The delta S-34(CDT), values of the Xiaolonghe tin deposit range from + 5.0 parts per thousand to +8.1 parts per thousand, with an average value of +6.33 parts per thousand. These values are slightly higher than those of the granites (0 parts per thousand to + 5.7 parts per thousand) in the Tengchong-Lianghe area, indicating mainly magmatic sources for the sulfur of ore-forming fluids with a small amount of S from the wall rocks. The Lailishan tin deposit has He-3/He-4 values of 1.57-3.46 Ra, with an average value of 2.078 Ra, and Ar-40/Ar-36 values of 382.00-622.99, with an average value of 459.67. The Xiaolonghe tin deposit has He-3/He-4 values of 0.53-0.88 Ra, with an average value of 0.686 Ra, and Ar-40/Ar-36 values of 301.06-348.43, with an average value of 322.04. These values suggest that ore-forming fluids of the Lailishan and Xiaolonghe tin deposits have mixed crustal, mantle, and a small volume of meteoric water sources in different proportions. The mantle He-4 values and He-3/He-4 values of the Lailihsan tin deposit (26-44%, 1.57-3.46 Ra) are markedly higher than those of the Xiaolonghe tin deposit (8-15%, 0.53-0.88 Ra), implying increased crust-mantle interaction in the Paleogene relative to the Late Cretaceous in western Yunnan. This interaction may be attributed to the upwelling of the asthenosphere through the break-off of the Neo-Tethyan slab during the main collisional period (65-41 Ma) of India-Asia.

Publication name

 ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS, 92 416-429; 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2017.11.032 JAN 2018

Author(s)

 Chen, Xiao-Cui; Zhao, Cheng-Hai; Zhu, Jing-Jing; Wang, Xin-Song; Cui, Tao

Corresponding author(s) 

 CHEN Xiao-Cui 
 cxchyh@163.com 
 Guizhou Inst Technol, Sch Resource & Environm Engn, 1 Caiguan Rd, Guiyang 550003, Guizhou, Peoples R China. 

Author(s) from IGCAS   ZHAO Cheng-Hai, WANG Xin-Song

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