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Ore fluid evolution in the giant Marcona Fe-(Cu) deposit, Peru: Evidence from in-situ sulfur isotope and trace element geochemistry of sulfides TEXT SIZE: A A A
The Marcona magnetite deposit, located in the iron oxide copper-gold (IOCG) province of southern Peru, is an important Fe deposit with sub-economic Cu and Zn mineralization. Three generations of sulfides were identified at the Marcona alteration/mineralization Stages IV, V and VW Magnetite, pyrrhotite, pyrite and minor chalcopyrite started to form at Stage IV. Sulfides in Stage V are dominated by chalcopyrite and pyrite, whereas only pyrite was present in Stage VII. In-situ SIMS sulfur isotope and LA-ICP-MS trace element analyses were conducted on the sulfides of these stages. Stage IV sulfides contain et largely in the range of 0 to +4.0%o, indicating a dominantly magmatic origin. In particular, delta S-34 values of Stage IV pyrite increase from core to rim, and the corresponding trace elements concentrations vary along with delta S-34. Positive delta S-34 vs. Se/S correlation of Stage IV pyrite indicates that the ore-forming system was open. The Stage V pyrite are rich in Mn, Cu, Ag, Sb, Te, Pb and Bi, and all Stage V sulfides have also elevated delta(34)5 (up to +7.8%0), indicative of possible seawater incursion during its formation. The delta S-34 values of Stage VII pyrite are highly variable from 13.4 to 5.4%0. This, together with ubiquitous disseminated voids, low Co/Ni ratios and enrichments of Mn, Se, Sb, Te, Tl and Pb, suggests that Stage VII pyrite may have formed by sulfate reduction associated with organic materials. We propose that the ore-forming fluids of Stage IV are initially magmatic with involvement of external (e.g., seawater) at late, where the fluids of Stage V are likely mainly exotic. The external fluids, together with organic matter, may have contributed to the ore-forming fluids of Stage VII, indicating a complex fluid evolution history for this giant Fe (-Cu) deposit. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Publication name

 ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS, 86 624-638; 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2017.03.025 JUN 2017


 Li, Rucao; Chen, Huayong; Xia, Xiaoping; Yang, Qing; Li, Ling; Xu, Jian; Huang, Chao; Danyushevsky, Leonid V.

Corresponding author(s) 

 CHEN Huayong3,4, XIA Xiaoping1
 huayongchen@gig.ac.cn; xpxia@gig.ac.cn 
 1. Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Guangzhou Inst Geochem, State Key Lab Isotope Geochem, Guangzhou 510604, Guangdong, Peoples R China 
 3. Chinese Acad Sci, Guangzhou Inst Geochem, Key Lab Mineral & Metallogeny, Guangzhou 510604, Guangdong, Peoples R China 
 4. Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geochem, State Key Lab Ore Deposit Geochem, Guiyang 550002, Peoples R China  

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