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Comparison of chelates for enhancing Ricinus communis L. phytoremediation of Cd and Pb contaminated soil TEXT SIZE: A A A
We studied chelate effects on castor bean (Ricinus communis L) growth. These effects included Cd and Pb accumulation in plant tissues and the chemical behavior of Cd and Pb in the plant rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere. Tests were conducted in a glasshouse using the rhizobag method. Two castor bean cultivars (Zibo-3 and Zibo-9) were grown in soil contaminated with 3.53 mg/kg Cd and 274 mg/kg Pb. The soil was treated with citric add (CA), ethylenediamine disuccinic acid (EDDS) or ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) (5 mmol/kg). EDDS-treated soil produced 28.8% and 59.4% greater biomass for Zibo-3 and Zibo-9 respectively. In contrast CA and EDTA inhibited the growth of the two cultivars. Zibo-9 had greater tolerance than Zibo-3 to chelate toxicity. Based on Cd and Pb plant uptake, EDDS could substitute for EDTA for phytoremediation of Cd in soil. EDTA was the most effective of the three chelates for Pb phytoremediation but it is less suitable for field use due to toxicology environmental persistence. Acid extractable Cd and Pb in the rhizosphere or reducible Cd and Pb in the non-rhizosphere of soil were the main influences on Cd and Pb accumulation in castor bean. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier Inc.

Publication name

 ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY, 133 57-62; 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2016.05.036 NOV 2016


 Zhang, Hanzhi; Guo, Qingjun; Yang, Junxing; Ma, Jie; Chen, Gang; Chen, Tongbin; Zhu, Guangxu; Wang, Jian; Zhang, Guangxin; Wang, Xin; Shao, Chunyan

Corresponding author 

 GUO Qingjun
Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources, Ctr Environm Remediat, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.

Author(s) from IGCAS   ZHU Guangxu

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