Dicarboximide fungicides dimethachlon, iprodione and procymidone have been widely used worldwide to control plant diseases during recent decades.
Due to the widespread and inappropriate applications of these fungicides, their residues are often found in water, soil and farm products, posing risks to environment, wild lives and human beings.
Biodegradation is extensively and preferentially used in pollution control due to its effectiveness, eco-friendliness, economy and expedience compared with other methods.
A joint research team led by Prof. WU Yanyou from the Institute of Geochemistry of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IGCAS) and Prof. WU Xiaomao from Guizhou University studied the enhancement of dicarboximide fungicides degradation by two bacterial cocultures of Providencia stuartii JD and Brevundimonas naejangsanensis J3.
The researchers found that the two bacterial cocultures of JD and J3 could enhance the biodegradation of dicarboximide fungicides, and effectively degrade dimethachlon, iprodione and procymidone to simple structure and low toxicity products.
Besides, the JD+J3 cocultures immobilized in a charcoal-alginate-chitosan carrier evidently exceeded the free cocultures in terms of degradability, stability and reusability.
The results also showed that after seven days of applying the immobilized JD+J3 cocultures in field brunisolic soils, the degradation rates of dimethachlon, iprodione and procymidone reached 96.74%, 95.02% and 96.27%, respectively.
Meanwhile, the immobilized JD+J3 cocultures exhibited faster degradation compared to free cocultures and natural dissipation.
The study was published in Journal of Hazardous Materials. It was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Science and Technology Support of Guizhou Province, and the Talent Team Project of Guizhou Province.
Fig. Flow chart of coculture degradation of dicarboximide fungicides (Image by IGCAS)
Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences
(By Prof. WU Yanyou's group)