HE Lingling1,2，HE Shouyang1， CHEN Zhuoyu2，SUN Ya3，TU Chenglong3
(1 Key Laboratory of Laboratory of Karst Environment and Geohazard, Ministry of Land and Resource, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025,China;
2 State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550081, China;
3 Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Monitoring and Disease Control, Ministry of Education, Guizhou Medical University, Gui'an New region 550025, China)
Abstract：Fluoride, which has the double threshold effect, is a necessary trace element of human. The long-term exposure to the fluoride-contaminated environment may cause continuous ingest of fluoride into the human body, eventually cause fluorosis and other fluorine effects. This paper described the current pollution status of fluoride and perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in environmental media like atmosphere, water and soil, briefly described the natural sources of the fluorine pollution and their transfer pathways, reviewed effects of fluoride and PFCs in the human body, summarized problems of drinking water type, coal-burning type and industrial type fluorine pollutions, and discussed fluoride effects to human. This paper also put forward some suggestions and strategies regarding fluorine pollution area, man-made fluorine pollution as well as the relationship between fluorine pollution and human health.
Keyword: Fluorine pollution; Fluorosis; Fluorine geochemistry; PFCs
EARTH AND ENVIRONMENT Vol.48, No.1, Tot No.333, 2020, Page 87-95